Present and past perfect

Do not use the present perfect (I have done) when you talk about a finished time (for example)

yesterday / ten minutes ago / in 1999 / when I was a child.

Use a past tense:

It was very hot yesterday. (not has been)

Ann and Tom arrived five minutes ago. (not have arrived)

Did you eat a lot of sweets when you were a child? (not have you eaten)

I got home late last night. I was very tired and went straight to bed.

Use the past to ask When … ? or What time … ?:

When did your friends arrive? (not have … arrived)

What time did you finish work?

Рекомендую прочитати: Вправи Present Perfect з відповідями

Present perfect

Ann has Lost her key. She can’t get into the house.

Tom Is here or has he Left?

Past simple

Ann Lost her key yesterday.

She couldn’t ‘t get into the house.

When did Ben Leave a?

 Present perfect (have done)

I’ve done a lot of work today.

We use the present perfect for a period of time that continues until now.

For example:

today / this month / since 1988.

7d4e4fb62c410d52c317e04749f726d0 Present and past perfect

It hasn’t rained this month.

Have you seen Anna this morning?

(it is still morning)

Have you seen Ben recently?

I don’t know where Tom is. I haven’t

seen him. (= I haven’t seen his


We’ve been waiting for two hours.

(we are still waiting now)

Ann lives in Ney York. She has Lived there for ten years.

I have never played tennis. (in my life)

It ‘ s the last day of your holiday.

Читайте також:  Відьмак: порівняння книг, ігор і серіалу

You say:

It’s been a really good holiday.

I’ve really enjoyed it.

Past simple (did)

I did a lot of work yesterday.

We use the past simple for a finished in time

the past.

For example:

e50d2b8e7961a728f2344e4b8bab74fd Present and past perfect

yesterday / last week / from 1989 to 1999.

Кілька прикладів:

It didn’t rain last month.

Did you see Anna this morning?

(it is now afternoon or evening)

Did you see Ben on Saturday?

Was Ann at the party on Friday?

I don’t think so. I didn’t see her.

We waited (or were waiting) for two

hours. (we are no longer waiting)

Ann Lived in Moscow for five years.

Now she lives in Ney York.

I didn’t play tennis Last June.

After you come back from holiday you

say: It was a really good holiday.

I really enjoyed it.

Сподобалася стаття? Поділитися з друзями: