Вправи “Пасивний (пасивний) заставу минулого часу” (з відповідями)

c8845004635b61370daffe6ec415b308 Вправи Пасивний (пасивний) заставу минулого часу (з відповідями)

1. Поставте дієслово у форму пасивного стану минулого часу.

  1. Jack … (examine) by the doctor. (Джека оглянув лікар.)
  2. The teapot … (break) last week. (Чайник був розбитий на минулого тижня.)
  3. The letters … (hand) to Doctor Loyds. (Листи були вручені докторові Лойдс.)
  4. The girl … (frighten) by homeless dogs. (Дівчинку налякали бездомні собаки.)
  5. This novel … (not translate). (Цей роман не був переведений.)
  6. We … (not invite) to Andrew’s party. (Нас не запросили на вечірку у Ендрю.)

2. Змініть пропозиції в дійсній заставі на пасивний.

Наприклад: We sent for the doctor. (Ми послали за доктором.) – The doctor was sent for. (За доктором послали.)

  1. The earthquake ruined a lot of villages. (Землетрус зруйнував багато сіл.)
  2. Mother was cooking fantastic dinner. (Мама готувала фантастичний вечерю.)
  3. Somebody had stolen their car. (Хтось вкрав їх машину.)
  4. The secretary was the typing documents. (Секретар друкувала документи.
  5. Sam had already painted the self-portrait. (Сем вже написав автопортрет.)
  6. Kirsty bought these cushions in China. (Керсті купила ці подушки в Китаї.)

3. Складіть по два речення в пасивному заставі.

Наприклад: We told her the news. (Ми розповіли їй новину.) – She was told the news. (Їй розповіли новину.), The news was told to her. (Новина була розказана їй.)

  1. They gave me an Italian book. (Вони дали мені італійську книгу.)
  2. He was showing us his new house. (Він показував нам свій новий будинок.)
  3. The waiter had served him a beef steak. (Офіціант подав йому яловичий стейк.)
  4. President promised his people prosperity. (Президент пообіцяв своєму народу процвітання.)
  5. Ross had taught Mary English grammar. (Містер Росс навчив Мері англійській граматиці.)
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4. Складіть питальні речення, починаючи з запропонованих слів.

  1. Megan had been advised to wear contact lenses. (Меган порадили носити контактні лінзи.) Why … ? What … ?
  2. The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell. (Телефон був винайдений Олександром Белл.) Who … by? When … ?
  3. The dogs were being trained by a policeman. (Собак тренував поліцейський.) Where … ? How many dogs … ?
  4. French textbooks had been packed for the library. (Французькі підручники були упаковані для бібліотеки. What kind of books … ?

 

Відповіді:

1.

  1. was examined
  2. was broken
  3. were handed
  4. was frightened
  5. wasn’t translated
  6. were not invited

2.

  1. A lot of villages were ruined by the earthquake.
  2. Fantastic dinner was being cooked.
  3. Their car had been stolen.
  4. The documents were being typed by the secretary.
  5. The self-portrait had already been painted.
  6. These cushions were bought by Kirsty in China.

3.

  1. I was given an Italian book. An Italian book was given to me.
  2. We were being shown the new house. The new house was being shown to us.
  3. He had been served a beef steak. A beef steak had been served to him.
  4. Prosperity was promised by president. The people were promised prosperity.
  5. Mary had been taught English grammar by Mr. Ross. English grammar had been taught to Mary by Mr. Ross.

4.

  1. Why had Megan been advised to wear contact lenses? What had Megan been advised to wear?
  2. Who was the telephone invented by? When was invented the telephone?
  3. Where were the dogs being trained? How many dogs were being trained by a policeman?
  4. What kind of books had been packed for the library?
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